The word canvas is a generic term to describe an industrial cloth. A canvas is a heavy, strong, and rigid woven fabric that is made of cotton or synthetic (man-made) fibers, which can be used for awnings, industrial covers, slipcovers along with several other applications. A canvas comes in different grades, qualities, and weights. A canvas is usually offered in a plain or basket (oxford) weave pattern. We’ll review various weave patterns in a future article.
When trying to obtain a specific canvas for your project, the internet can be a helpful resource but can also be confusing because of the varied available choices. Some example products made from canvas fabrics are, but not limited to: floor cloths, goat coats, scuba divebags, awnings, boat covers, tipis, tents, shopping totes, punching bags, chaps, industrial pipe insulation, slipcovers, pet beds, luggage, tennis court displays, theater curtains, stage curtains, upholstery covers and several other products.
Ballistic cloths are made from nylon yarn and are really strong. Ballistic fabrics were first utilized in World War II for airmen. They would protect against small shrapnel and debris (flak). Today, most protective vests are made with a Kevlar/Nylon combination. Ballistic fabrics are primarily used in motorcycle jackets and pants, luggage and tiny packs. Ballistic nylons have high abrasion resistance and almost no elongation.
Cotton duck is a woven canvas made of 100% cotton (natural) fiber. Popular work wear products are still made with a cotton cloth because of it’s breathability and durability. Heavy cotton duck can be used for tool bags and crafter supply bags. Some of the thicker duck fabric is used in heavy duty tool bags, which can be used by mechanics and linemen in the oil and gas industry. Cotton duck canvas is available in weights from 7 oz/sq yd to 30 oz/sq yd, and in a variety of colors. Waxed cotton duck is used for outside industrial covers. This cotton duck is treated with a wax finish which makes it waterproof, and flame retardant. They are used on farms to cover heavy gear or even made into tarpaulins to wrap steam pipes during the winter. Light weight cotton duck is used in a number of upholstery applications. 7 oz duck can be used as curtain liners or artist canvas. 10 oz cotton duck is commonly used in substitute slip covers.